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It's that easy! Well, what are you waiting for? This is also the case when exiting from a helicopter , a paraglider , or a hot air balloon.
Unlike when exiting an airplane, it takes time to build up airspeed to inflate the wingsuit and provide aerodynamic control. So exiting the cliff in a proper orientation is critical.
A wingsuit modifies the body area exposed to wind to increase the desired amount of lift and drag generated by the body.
With training, wingsuit pilots can achieve sustained glide ratio of or more. By adjusting body configuration , fliers can alter both their forward speed and fall rate.
The pilot manipulates these flight characteristics by changing the shape of the torso, de-arching and rolling the shoulders and moving hips and knees, and by changing the angle of attack in which the wingsuit flies in the relative wind , and by the amount of tension applied to the fabric wings of the suit.
The absence of a vertical stabilizing surface results in little damping around the yaw axis , so poor flying technique can result in a spin that requires active effort on the part of the skydiver to stop.
A wingsuit can reduce these speeds dramatically. At a planned altitude above the ground in which a skydiver or BASE jumper typically deploys the parachute, wingsuit fliers will also deploy their parachutes.
Before deployment, pilots adjust their flight configuration by flaring to reduce their air speed. The pilot then reaches back and throws a pilot chute to initiate the parachute deployment sequence.
Wingsuit pilots often use tools including portable GPS receivers to record their flight path. This data can be analyzed later to evaluate flight performance in terms of fall rate, speed, and glide ratio.
When jumping for the first time at a new location, BASE jumpers will often evaluate terrain using maps and laser range finders. By comparing a known terrain profile with previously recorded flight data, jumpers can objectively evaluate whether a particular jump is possible.
Modern wingsuits use a combination of materials in order to create an airfoil shape. The main surface is typically made from ripstop nylon , with various materials used to reinforce the leading edge, and reduce drag.
Beginner wingsuits have less surface area and lower internal pressure. This makes them easier to control and less likely to go unstable in flight. Less fabric material makes it easier to deploy the pilot chute at the end of the flight.
With experience, pilots can choose to upgrade to more advanced suits that have more surface area and increased glide performance. The air foil shape is formed by pressure inside the wing and the construction of the suit.
Internal ribs help form the shape. Having a smooth leading edge is especially important as it is the source of most lift and most drag.
Reducing inlet drag while maintaining high internal suit pressure is also important in modern wingsuit design.
The number of air inlets and their positions vary on different suit designs. Suits which are focused on freestyle flight often have inlets on the back surface of the suit to maintain internal pressure when pilots are "back flying" in a face up orientation.
As compared to skydiving from an airplane, BASE jumping involves jumping from a "fixed object" such as a cliff. BASE jumping in its modern form has existed since at least But it was not until that Patrick de Gayardon made some of the first ever wingsuit BASE jumps combining the two disciplines.
Since , many BASE jumpers have started using wingsuits, giving birth to wingsuit BASE. A wingsuit BASE jump begins by jumping from a cliff.
Within seconds, air inflates the suit into a semi-rigid airfoil shape. By holding a proper body position, the wingsuit flier is able to glide forward at a ratio of , meaning that they are moving forward three feet for every foot of descent or 3 meters for every meter of descent.
As suit technology and pilot skill have improved, wingsuit BASE jumpers have learned to control their flight so that they can fly just meters away from terrain.
Flying near terrain gives a greater sense of speed due to having a close visual reference. Loic Jean-Albert of France is one of the first proximity flyers, and his pioneering flying brought many BASE jumpers into the sport.
Wingsuit BASE jumping carries additional risk beyond a wingsuit skydive. Jumping from a fixed object means starting with low airspeed which requires different flying positions and skills.
During the flight, hazards exists such as trees, rocks and the ground which must be avoided. While skydivers typically carry two parachutes, a main and a reserve, wingsuit BASE jumpers typically only carry one BASE-specific parachute.
Wingsuit BASE jumping is an unregulated sport. But to perform the activity safely requires jumpers to be an experienced skydiver, wingsuit pilot, and BASE jumper.
It takes hundreds of practice jumps to achieve skill in each of these disciplines before considering wingsuit BASE.
As of , there have been experimental powered wingsuits, often using small jet engines strapped to the feet  or a wingpack setup to allow for even greater horizontal speeds and even vertical ascent.
On 25 October , in Lahti , Finland, Visa Parviainen jumped from a hot air balloon in a wingsuit with two small turbojet engines attached to his feet.